Maharana Pratap Jayanti: Why Maharana Pratap is called the ‘first freedom fighter’ of the country


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Maharana Pratap Jayanti: Maharana Pratap gave height to the pride of the Rajputs in Rajasthan, whose example is not found in the whole world. Maharana, the king of Mewar, never accepted slavery in life and showed the world why he is called Maharana by taking Akbar. He never accepted any kind of offer from the Mughals and kept on fighting with the powerful Mughal emperor Akbar from Mewar.

Never given up

Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Mewar. Maharana Pratap, the eldest son of Uday Singh II and Maharani Jayavanta Bai, was a Mahavira and skilled in battle strategy skills. He protected Mewar from repeated attacks of the Mughals and never compromised for his cause, and no matter how adverse the circumstances were, he never gave up.

Protest before Mewar’s throne

Maharana wanted to face the opposition of his step-mother Rani Dhirbai in securing the throne of his father that the throne should be given to his son Kunwar Jagmal but was in favor of Rana Pratap, the minister of state and courtier. After this Jagmal left Mewar in anger. He went to Ajmer and came in contact with Akbar. Akbar gifted him the manor of Jahazpur as a gift.

Matchless mighty warrior

Maharana Pratap is considered to be the most powerful warrior of India. His height was 7 feet 5 inches and he kept 80 kilograms of spear and two swords with a weight of about 208 kg. The weight of his armor himself was 72 kg. It is said that with the same blow of his sword, the horse used to be cut into two pieces.

Six propositions and then war

The real power of Maharana Pratap was known to the people, especially the Rajputs, in the Battle of Haldi Valley on 18 June 1576. Before that Akbar sent six proposals to Maharana but Maharana did not accept the rule of Mewar under Akbar. After this Akbar sent Mansingh and Asaf Khan to battle Maharana and sent a huge army together which was many times more than Maharana’s army. The two armies met in the Haldi Valley, 40 km from Udaipur.

Question of victory and defeat

It is said that the Mughals won in this war. It is also said that no one actually won and Maharana plagued the Mughals. This war lasted for one day and thousands of people were killed in it. But everyone is unanimous that in this war, the Mughals could not do anything to Maharana Pratap and his family. Maharana succeeded in escaping from the field due to the death of his horse Chetak and being injured himself.

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After the battle of Haldighati, Maharana had to live a life of great struggle. He gathered his army and adopted a partisan strategy and did not let his enemies rest in peace. This strategy was successful. In the meantime, he got the help of Bhamashah and in the war of Deogarh, he acquired most of Mewar, but could not achieve Chittor. After this, Akbar gave up the campaign of Mewar. And then Mewar never faced the Mughals.

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