Martyr Day 2021: On this day i.e. 23 March 1931, revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivram Rajguru were sentenced to be hanged during British rule. The three killed British police officer JP Sanders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. These freedom lovers were very young at the time of hanging. Since then, in addition to January 30, today’s day is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day.
Many dates in the country are considered as Martyr’s Day. In this, most people know about the day of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination i.e. January 30. Apart from this, 23 March is also called Martyr’s Day because, on this day, three revolutionaries were hanged together in Lahore Central Jail. It is mentioned in many places that on the day he was hanged, all three smiles came forward and hugged each other.
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By the way, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Bhagat Singh were to be hanged after one day, but the British government feared that there might be no trouble. By then, the country had started to know about these three youths and resentment was also visible about their punishment. This is the reason that the three were hanged overnight without informing anyone a day before, then the information was able to get out of jail.
While climbing the cross, Bhagat Singh was 24, Rajguru was 23 and Sukhdev was almost 24 years old. At such a young age, the efforts of these revolutionaries had ruined the entire British rule. It happened that in the year 1928, Rajguru, Sukhdev, and Bhagat Singh three friends had planned and shot and killed British police officer John Sanders. After killing this officer responsible for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, the youth did not sit silent but threw a bomb in the Central Assembly to express their anger against the rule.
After this, there was chaos in the assembly. If they wanted, they could leave comfortably, but they did not run, instead, they stood firmly there and kept throwing pamphlets together. His intention was that this should provoke public sentiment about freedom. The same thing happened. In order to keep the people under control, Section 144 was imposed in Lahore so that people could not gather and execute any scheme.
It is said that many strong leaders had recommended forgiving the hanging of the three. Even the then Congress President Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya had appealed to the Viceroy for a pardon, but all the appeals were dismissed. The government feared that the survival of these zealous revolutionaries, even if they were in jail, could cause trouble and lift their bags.
According to the book Trials that Changed History by the politician and author MS Gill, on October 7, 1930, the Special Tribunal Court gave sections 121 and 302 of the IPC and section 4 (b) of the Explosive Substances Act 1908 and Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death under 6 (F). After which thousands of people signed and sent to the Viceroy, carrying out a signature campaign, and appealed to stop the hanging of the three, although this also did not make any difference to the intentions of the British Government.
Before hanging, Bhagat Singh wrote a letter in which he had asked the youth of the country to be a part of the movement, explaining the value of freedom. A part of the letter written in Urdu is still read today.
I should have the desire to live, I don’t even want to hide it. Today I can live on one condition. Now I do not want to live imprisoned or confined. My name has become a symbol of the Indian revolution. The ideals and sacrifices of the revolutionary parties have raised me very high, so high that in the event of survival, I cannot be higher than this.
Today my weaknesses are not in front of the public. But if I am saved from hanging, then they will be revealed and the symbol of revolution will be dimmed. It is also possible that it is erased. But in the event of me laughing and hanging on the gallows, the mothers of the country will expect Bhagat Singh of their children. This will increase the number of people who sacrifice for freedom so much that it will be impossible to stop the revolution.