World Day Against Child Labour 2021: World Child Labour Day is celebrated on 12th June every year against child labour. What is the theme of Child Labour Day 2021? This year, the ‘Theme Act: Now and Child Labour’ of World Day Against Child Labour 2021 has been laid down. Why is Child Labour Day celebrated? The world’s biggest evil is child labour, about which ‘World Day against Child Labour’ is celebrated every year to make people aware. In India, children between the ages of 5 and 17 are classified as children. As the whole world celebrates World Day against child labour, you have to understand the importance and history of World Day Against Child Labour.
What is the theme of World Day against Child Labour?
- Child Labour Day 2021 Theme: “Do It Now: Finish Child Labour”.
- Child Labour Day 2020 Theme: “Protect children from child labour, now more than ever”.
- Child Labour Day 2019 Theme: “Children should work on Balki dreams, not in the fields”.
- Child Labour Day 2018 Theme: “Generation Safe and Healthy”.
- Child Labour Day 2017 Theme: “In Conflicts and Disasters, Protect Children From Child Labour”.
- Child Labour Day 2016 Theme: “Eliminate Child Labour in Supply Chain – It’s Everyone’s Business”.
- Child Labour Day 2015 Theme: “Not for Child Labour – Is for Quality Education”.
Why is Child Labour Day celebrated?
Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, this year’s day is celebrated through virtual campaigns, which are jointly organized with a global march against child labour and international partnership for cooperation on child labour in agriculture (IPCC). World Day against Child Labour was launched by the International Labour Organisation in 2002. This day provides an opportunity and urges children to grow and lead dignified lives and generate an environment to fight against child labour around the world. Poverty is one of the main causes of child labour, forcing children to leave their school and opting for minimum jobs to support their parents for their livelihood. Moreover, some are forced into child labour by organised crime rackets. The day not only focuses on the appropriate environment required for children to grow and prosper but also provides an opportunity to seek support from governments, civil society, schools, youth, women’s groups and the media to participate in the campaign against child labour.
What is the history of World Day against child labour?
In 1919, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) was established to promote social justice and establish international labour standards. Let me tell you that there are 187 Member Countries of the ILO. A South Pacific island nation, the Empire of Tonga, became the 187th member state of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Since then, ILO has passed several conferences to improve labour conditions around the world. Not only that, but Balki also provides guidelines on wages, working hours, favourable environment, etc. In 1973, ILO Convention No 138 was adopted and the focus was on the minimum age for employment. The aim is to increase the minimum age of employment to the Member States and eliminate child labour. In 1999, ILO Convention No 182 was adopted and was also known as the “worst form of the Child Labour Convention.” The aim is to take necessary and urgent action to eliminate the worst form of child labour.
What is child labour?
Child labour is “the act that deprives children of their childhood, their ability and their dignity and which is detrimental to physical and mental health”, according to the International Labour Organisation. It is an act that deprives children of their right to education and dignified life. ILO also says that child labour is an act that has a physical, mental and social impact on children and causes harm in one way or the other. In fact, any kind of work that prevents children from taking schooling is also child labour. It is classified into three forms: work that deprives children of the opportunity to go to school, work that forces a child to leave school at an early age and work in which children need to go to school but with heavy workloads.
What is the significance of World Day against child labour?
The day focuses mainly on the development of children and it protects the right to education and dignified life for children. Therefore, it is important to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, publicized by the United Nations. Several organizations, ILO etc. But we must also be responsible and perform our duties to help eliminate child labour. It is rightly said that the child who comes out of child labour knows his ability and self-worth. They began to enjoy life, human rights and lead a dignified life. Of course, such children will also contribute to the economic and social development of the country and the world. Children are the future of the country, right!
According to the United Nations, some facts about child labour
- About 152 million children in the age group of 5-17 years were in child labour and about half of them, i.e., about 73 million, are in dangerous child labour.
- About 48 per cent of child labour victims were 5-11 years old, 28 per cent were 12-14 years old and 24 per cent were 15-17 years old.
- Stop child labour, protect children’s rights, educate them and support them.
Also, read these
- Why International Day of Innocent Children Who Are Victims of Aggression Is Celebrated, Know History, Significance, and Importance of IDICVA